PYSC 3003 Methods In Psychological Inquiry

PYSC 3003 Methods In Psychological Inquiry

Free Samples

PYSC 3003 Methods In Psychological Inquiry

.cms-body-content table{width:100%!important;} #subhidecontent{ position: relative;
overflow-x: auto;
width: 100%;}

PYSC 3003 Methods In Psychological Inquiry

0 Download3 Pages / 746 Words

Course Code: PYSC3003
University: Walden University is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: United States


Discussion: Spurious Correlations and Extraneous Variables
Correlational research describes relations among variables but cannot indicate that one variable causes something to occur to another variable. Rather, a statistically significant correlation coefficient simply indicates there is a relation among a predictor variable and an outcome variable.
In correlational research, if there is a statistically significant correlation coefficient between two variables, you want to know that the relation truly exists. This goal is challenging to achieve because other variables that you are not studying may complicate the study and the interpretation of the results.
You may find a spurious relation in which one common causal variable, sometimes referred to as a third variable, is responsible for the observed relation between the predictor variable and the outcome variable. Imagine seeing a news story reporting the findings of a study claiming that children under the age of 17 who viewed R-rated movies showed a greater likelihood of developing a smoking habit. A third variable that could explain both the predictor and outcome variables is permissive parenting. Permissive parents may allow children to view R-rated movies when they are under the age of 17. In addition, permissive parents may not attend to their children’s whereabouts enough to be aware of their smoking habit, or they may not discipline the children for smoking. Therefore, in effect, you cannot conclude that the movie viewing caused the smoking habit. The permissive parenting may have led to the childrenss movie viewing habit and their smoking habit.
You may also identify extraneous variables that might influence the outcome variable but, unlike the spurious correlation described above, these variables do not relate to or influence the predictor variable.In this Discussion, you focus primarily on spurious relations and extraneous variables. After reviewing examples in the course text, you will find your own examples in the media and explain how they might affect the relations between the variables under consideration.


Spurious correlation is the relationship between two variables which does not result from any relationship between the two variables however from its relation to additional variables. On the other hand, extraneous variables are variables that affect the outcome of an experiment other than the independent and dependent variable(Nugent, 2017). Extraneous variables are considered to bring about an error in the experiment(T Wilson & Shuttleworth, 2017).
One student had gone out partying the weekend before, and while sitting in the bar watching his friends during the evening, he noticed that people who had the most fun dancing were also those who were most likely to throw up by the end of the evening(“Spurious Correlation Explained With Examples”, 2017).
In this example, there are the independent variable, dependent variable, extraneous variable and spurious correlation. In this case being sick is not out of dancing neither does being sick made the students have fun. Instead, there is an extraneous variable of consumption of alcohol. Alcohol consumptions lead to dancing and throwing up. If having fun dancing made the students sick, there must be a positive correlation between having fun dancing and being sick. This is to mean that it cannot be expected that every time having fun dancing at a party(independent variable), being sick will also occur(dependent variable) or be sick will only happen after student having fun dancing at a party.
The temporal relation is another factor that could allow inference to be drawn from the associated variable relationship (stangor, 2015). Suppose having fun occurs before being sick, then a conclusion could e brought that being sick is caused by having fun. However, if being sick only happens before having fun dancing at a party, then having fun could not be creating being sick of the student. Then being sick cannot be a casual variable if it only happens after dancing at the party.
The predictable variable is a variable that is often manipulated to test the outcome of the dependent variable. On the other hand, the dependent variable is variable that is put under test for experimental purposes. As the researcher changes the predictor variable, the influence is observed on the outcome variable and recorded down. In the above example, the experimenter wants to see attending a party and having student’s dance has any effect on the student being sick. The researcher observes those students who had most fun dancing. This would be the predictor variable. How the students felt after that is the outcome variable.
The relationship between the predictor variable and the outcome variable has some extraneous is not logic to conclude that every time the student attends a party, have most fun dancing will end up being sick. There is an extraneous variable that causes the outcome of being sick. Some of extraneous variable include: first, suppose students attend the party and expose themselves to cold all night, this could cause sickness such as flue. Secondly, assume the student has health issues before attending the party. Thirdly, suppose the researcher only selected student with health conditions to participate in the party to manipulate the result. Lastly, assume the student consumed a lot of alcohol while at the party that brought about the feeling of the hangover the following day.
Connection made among spurious variable, outcome variable and predictor variable is as follow: First, considering the student attended the party, consumed no alcohol, but had fun dancing all night, this could cause a different outcome. Secondly, if the students participated in the party, consumed alcohol of varying variety, without even dancing, could cause a student to be sick the following day. Thirdly, if the student had health conditions, such as ulcer before attending the party, consumed alcohol that contained methanol, the student is likely to fall sick without even dancing at the party. Lastly, the student who attended the party might have fallen sick due to consuming a lot of alcohol and abusing other drugs and dancing at the party causing fatigue.
Nugent, P. (2017). What is EXTRANEOUS VARIABLE? definition of EXTRANEOUS VARIABLE (Psychology Dictionary).PsychologyDictionary.Retrieved6November2017,from 
Spurious Correlation Explained With Examples. (2017). PsycholoGenie. Retrieved 6 November 2017, from
T Wilson, L., & Shuttleworth, M. (2017). Confounding Variable / Third Variable.. retrieved Nov 01, 2017 from Retrieved 6 November 2017, from, c. (2015). Research methods for the behavioral sciences (5th ed.). Stamford,CT: Cengage Learning.

Free Membership to World’s Largest Sample Bank

To View this & another 50000+ free samples. Please put
your valid email id.


Yes, alert me for offers and important updates


Download Sample Now

Earn back the money you have spent on the downloaded sample by uploading a unique assignment/study material/research material you have. After we assess the authenticity of the uploaded content, you will get 100% money back in your wallet within 7 days.

UploadUnique Document

DocumentUnder Evaluation

Get Moneyinto Your Wallet

Total 3 pages


*The content must not be available online or in our existing Database to qualify as

Cite This Work
To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:


My Assignment Help. (2021). PYSC 3003 Methods In Psychological Inquiry. Retrieved from

“PYSC 3003 Methods In Psychological Inquiry.” My Assignment Help, 2021,

My Assignment Help (2021) PYSC 3003 Methods In Psychological Inquiry [Online]. Available from:[Accessed 19 December 2021].

My Assignment Help. ‘PYSC 3003 Methods In Psychological Inquiry’ (My Assignment Help, 2021) accessed 19 December 2021.

My Assignment Help. PYSC 3003 Methods In Psychological Inquiry [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2021 [cited 19 December 2021]. Available from:

.close{position: absolute;right: 5px;z-index: 999;opacity: 1;color: #ff8b00;}


Thank you for your interest
The respective sample has been mail to your register email id


$20 Credited
successfully in your wallet.
* $5 to be used on order value more than $50. Valid for
only 1

Account created successfully!
We have sent login details on your registered email.



Compare and contrast essays are provided almost in all classes from school to Post grad levels. It requires high levels of analysis. Wrong topic selection can mar the entire essay even if you have written great. Moreover, topic selection narrows down your choice of references to adhere to . We provide the best compare and contrast essay topics on all subjects. Our list of compare and contrast essay topics is comprehensive and caters to the levels of the students. Next time if you are asked to have a compare and contrast essay paper, don’t look further. Connect with us.

Latest Psychology Samples

div#loaddata .card img {max-width: 100%;

PHIL100 Introduction To Philosophy
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: PHIL100
University: Macalester College is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: United States

Case study
It is a matter of great pride for me that I am the best psychologist and a counselor in my town. To be able to access a psychologist cum counselor who has expertise and experience like me, one needs to travel 30 miles from the town. So, I am very respectable by people in the town. I get invitations to join as the chief guest for almost every humanitarian and social work related events that take place within the town I live….
United States Columbia Humanities Counseling and Sexual Orientation University of Columbia MBA 

PSYC101 Introductory Psychology
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: PSYC101
University: University Of New England is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Australia

Happiness and Mobility
The choice of lifestyle and the environment in which a person dwells play a vital role in determination of one’s mental well being and happiness as well.  How and where we live has a great impact on the same.  However the association of city structure to physical health is finally getting the desired kind of attention.  The outline of the society and the neighbourhood impacts the health of a pe…

PSYC103 Introduction To Psychology
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: PSYC103
University: Northampton Community College is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: United States

The teratogen affects behavior problems among the offspring (Loomans et al., 2012). Prenatal and parental exposure of alcohol is found to generate Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children (Ware et al., 2012). ADHD causes over activity, impulsivity and are unable to sustain attention under the stereotypic school settings (Getahun et al., 2013). It also causes poor self-esteemed, mood swings, dysthymia and…

PSYCH 1001 Psychology
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: PSYCH1001
University: University Of The West Of England is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: United Kingdom

Basically, severe deprivation points to acute, compounded or persistent economic hardship. Predominantly, acute economic hardship is characterized by living below the poverty life meaning there’s low supply of critical resources whereas compounded hardship implies disadvantages be they psychological, materially or socially. Mainly, persistent economic hardship implies a continuous disadvantageous condition. Persisten…

PSY111 Foundations Of Psychology For The Health And Human Services
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: PSY111
University: Charles Sturt University is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Australia

Exercise 1
Task 1
In this case, it is clear that Heather is suffering from Social Phobia, which is a type of Anxiety Disorder.
Task 2
Social Phobia is commonly known as Social Anxiety Disorder. This disorder involves fear of certain situations that includes situations that are unfamiliar to them or any situation where an individual have the fear of being evaluated or watched by the external world. These circumstances may be so f…
Australia Perth Management Mba dessertation University of Western Australia Masters in Business Administration 


Our Essay Writing Service Features

Qualified Writers
Looming deadline? Get your paper done in 6 hours or less. Message via chat and we'll get onto it.
We care about the privacy of our clients and will never share your personal information with any third parties or persons.
Free Turnitin Report
A plagiarism report from Turnitin can be attached to your order to ensure your paper's originality.
Safe Payments
The further the deadline or the more pages you order, the lower the price! Affordability is in our DNA.
No Hidden Charges
We offer the lowest prices per page in the industry, with an average of $7 per page
24/7/365 Support
You can contact us any time of day and night with any questions; we'll always be happy to help you out.
$15.99 Plagiarism report
$15.99 Plagiarism report
$15.99 Plagiarism report
$15.99 Plagiarism report
$3.99 Outline
$21.99 Unlimited Revisions
Get all these features for $65.77 FREE
Do My Paper

Frequently Asked Questions About Our Essay Writing Service

Academic Paper Writing Service

Our essay writers will gladly help you with:

Business Plan
Presentation or Speech
Admission Essay
Case Study
Reflective Writing
Annotated Bibliography
Creative Writing
Term Paper
Article Review
Critical Thinking / Review
Research Paper
Thesis / Dissertation
Book / Movie Review
Book Reviews
Literature Review
Research Proposal
Editing and proofreading
Find Your Writer

Latest Feedback From Our Customers

Customer ID:  # 678224
Research Paper
Highly knowledgeable expert, reasonable price. Great at explaining hard concerts!
Writer: Raymond B.
Customer ID: # 619634
Essay (any type)
Helped me with bear and bull markets right before my exam! Fast teacher. Would work with Grace again.
Writer: Lilian G.
Customer ID: # 519731
Research Paper
If you are scanning reviews trying to find a great tutoring service, then scan no more. This service elite!
Writer: Grace P.
Customer ID: #499222
Essay (any type)
This writer is great, finished very fast and the essay was perfect. Writer goes out of her way to meet your assignment needs!
Writer: Amanda B.
Place an Order

Calculate the price of your order

You will get a personal manager and a discount.
We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:

Powered by

× WhatsApp Us