NRNP 6640 Week 1 discussion

NRNP 6640 Week 1 discussion

Does Psychotherapy have biological basis?

Neuroscience teaches us that Psychotherapy is biological. It goes as far as to say that it is the only real biological treatment. The brain operates purely on a biological level. As we experience our environment, our brain maps our emotional experience through cortical memory. The formative experiences throughout are lives are mapped into memory. This is done through the release of serotonin, cortisol, and or oxytocin. Psychotherapy disables maladaptive brain mappings and facilitates new and constructive neuropathways. Psychotherapy biologically repairs the brain by deconstructing old attachments and applying new a meaning to an experience (Berezin, 2016).

As the United States becomes increasingly culturally diverse, it is even more important for practitioners to be culturally aware. Cultural competence models suggest that psychotherapist must develop an awareness of their own cultural identities and beliefs in order to better understand how their perspectives effects or impacts perceptions of their clients (Dadlani & Scherer, n.d.).

Culturally specific interventions are designed for specific cultural groups. The purpose is  to increase treatment engagement, to convey cultural beliefs, values and behaviors, and to model functional relationships (Dadlani & Scherer, n.d.).

The neural mechanism of psychotherapy is widely accepted even though its process is not completely understood. Neuroimaging has significantly contributed to biological psychiatry research but the investigation of the mechanism for certain diagnosis such as depression are limited (Jeon & Kim, 2015).


Berezin, R. A. (2016). Psychotherapy Is ‘The’ Biological Treatment. Medscape Psychiatry. Retrieved from

Dadlani, M. and Scherer, D. (n.d.) Culture in Psychotherapy Practice and Research. Society of the Advancement of Psychotherapy. Retrieved from

Jeon, S. W. and Kim, Y. (2015). The Effects of Psychotherapy on Brain Function — Major Depressive Disorder. Major Depressive Disorder – Cognitive and Neurobiological Mechanisms. Retrieved from


Discussion: Does Psychotherapy Have a Biological Basis?

Many studies have found that psychotherapy is as effective as psychopharmacology in terms of influencing changes in behaviors, symptoms of anxiety, and changes in mental state. Changes influenced by psychopharmacology can be explained by the biological basis of treatments. But how does psychotherapy achieve these changes? Does psychotherapy share common neuronal pathways with psychopharmacology? For this Discussion, consider whether psychotherapy also has a biological basis.

Learning Objectives
Students will:
Evaluate biological basis of psychotherapy treatments
Analyze influences of culture, religion, and socioeconomics on personal perspectives of psychotherapy treatments

To prepare:

Review this week’s Learning Resources.
Reflect on foundational concepts of psychotherapy.

Note: For this Discussion, you are required to complete your initial post before you will be able to view and respond to your colleagues’ postings. Begin by clicking on the “Post to Discussion Question” link and then select “Create Thread” to complete your initial post. Remember, once you click Submit, you cannot delete or edit your own posts, and cannot post anonymously. Please check your post carefully before clicking Submit!

By Day 3

Post an explanation of whether psychotherapy has a biological basis. Explain how culture, religion, and socioeconomics might influence one’s perspective of the value of psychotherapy treatments. Support your rationale with evidence-based literature.


   I appreciate how clearly you laid out the case of the biological premise for psychotherapy. To reiterate your point, psychotherapy acts as a mediator in the brain helping to rewire the neuronal pathways that due to trauma or negative life events have formed a maladaptive pathway (Wheeler, 2014). Wheeler goes on to say that if an event is especially troubling, the biochemical process can be disrupted which can impair the brain’s ability to process the situation or to store the memory. As providers, it is important to realize this biological process and to incorporate this knowledge into both the therapeutic process and treatment plan.
     Another indicator of the biological underpinnings of psychotherapy is the ability to measure the physiological response to psychotherapy. In a study by Deits-Lebehn et al. (2020) they discuss the ability to measure sympathetic nervous system response to psychotherapy through measurement of the electrodermal activation. While incorporating physiological responses may take a skilled clinician or special diagnostic tools, it still points out the biological factors of psychotherapy and gives additional means by which we can measure the therapeutic process.
Deits-Lebehn, C., Baucom, K. J. W., Crenshaw, A. O., Smith, T. W., & Baucom, B. R. W. (2020). Incorporating physiology into
       the study of psychotherapy process. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 67(4), 488–499.
       10.1037/cou0000391.supp (Supplemental)
Wheeler, K. (2014). Psychotherapy for the advanced practice psychiatric nurse: A how-to guide for evidence-based practice (2nd ed.).
       New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.

Our Essay Writing Service Features

Qualified Writers
Looming deadline? Get your paper done in 6 hours or less. Message via chat and we'll get onto it.
We care about the privacy of our clients and will never share your personal information with any third parties or persons.
Free Turnitin Report
A plagiarism report from Turnitin can be attached to your order to ensure your paper's originality.
Safe Payments
The further the deadline or the more pages you order, the lower the price! Affordability is in our DNA.
No Hidden Charges
We offer the lowest prices per page in the industry, with an average of $7 per page
24/7/365 Support
You can contact us any time of day and night with any questions; we'll always be happy to help you out.
$15.99 Plagiarism report
$15.99 Plagiarism report
$15.99 Plagiarism report
$15.99 Plagiarism report
$3.99 Outline
$21.99 Unlimited Revisions
Get all these features for $65.77 FREE
Do My Paper

Frequently Asked Questions About Our Essay Writing Service

Academic Paper Writing Service

Our essay writers will gladly help you with:

Business Plan
Presentation or Speech
Admission Essay
Case Study
Reflective Writing
Annotated Bibliography
Creative Writing
Term Paper
Article Review
Critical Thinking / Review
Research Paper
Thesis / Dissertation
Book / Movie Review
Book Reviews
Literature Review
Research Proposal
Editing and proofreading
Find Your Writer

Latest Feedback From Our Customers

Customer ID:  # 678224
Research Paper
Highly knowledgeable expert, reasonable price. Great at explaining hard concerts!
Writer: Raymond B.
Customer ID: # 619634
Essay (any type)
Helped me with bear and bull markets right before my exam! Fast teacher. Would work with Grace again.
Writer: Lilian G.
Customer ID: # 519731
Research Paper
If you are scanning reviews trying to find a great tutoring service, then scan no more. This service elite!
Writer: Grace P.
Customer ID: #499222
Essay (any type)
This writer is great, finished very fast and the essay was perfect. Writer goes out of her way to meet your assignment needs!
Writer: Amanda B.
Place an Order

Calculate the price of your order

You will get a personal manager and a discount.
We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:

Powered by

× WhatsApp Us