LAWS4260 Law And Psychology

LAWS4260 Law And Psychology

Free Samples

LAWS4260 Law And Psychology

.cms-body-content table{width:100%!important;} #subhidecontent{ position: relative;
overflow-x: auto;
width: 100%;}

LAWS4260 Law And Psychology

0 Download5 Pages / 1,185 Words

Course Code: LAWS4260
University: Australian National University is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Australia


Write an essay, around on the impact of stereotyping in the courtroom. 


Psychology of Courtroom
The Bill of Rights shows that all defendants in criminal and civil trials can access the trial where jurors pay heed to the testimonies and witnesses, give their verdict after prolonged engagements in discussions. Finally they might decide about some compensatory amounts or render a sentence. This implies that some common citizens are endowed with the power to determine the outcome of others. These citizens, referred as jurors are responsible for deciding the finality of any legal case.  Although they should be ideally impartial, often these jurors’ decisions are influenced by extra-legal factors. Stereotyping is another factor which affects the decisions and ratings of the verdict. The courtroom is a place where common people seek fair and impartial implementation of the law. When judges are affected by stereotypes related to gender and race while handling decisions or interpreting the law, the verdict might lead to violation of human rights. In cases of gender oriented violence, equal work opportunities, sexual and reproductive fitness of women, there are chances of gender stereotyping. For instance, jurors might take decision about a rape or case of domestic violence based on her sexual life. This would be a violation of human rights. Wrongful stereotyping should be avoided and state should take ample measures to ensure equality in the eyes of the law.  
In fact race influences the verdict of jurors significantly. History states that black defendants are more likely to get harsh sentences compared to whites for the same offence.. The results are even more significant when the race of both the victim and the jurors are known. This is more likely to occur when the case is awkward. Studies have shown that the cognitive resources and racial attitudes of the jurors are also responsible for the racial bias in the courtroom. There is an inclination to give higher verdict-confidence scores in favour of black defendants based on prejudicial judgements. This is more likely for jurors with low working memory capacity apart from their inherent prejudices. In most cases researchers have found that the juror’s race makes a significant impact on the verdict rather than defendant’s race. So white jurors judge black defendants more harshly compared to the judgement given by black jurors to white defendants.
In a study by Sunnafrank and Fontes, participants were shown pictures of black crime which they assumed the criminal has conducted. Significance test was not applied, but the researchers justified by saying that the differences in judgement were larger than necessary. They also discovered that certain crimes were connected with race.  Black criminals usually commit crimes like assault, grand theft, mugging, etc, while crimes like rape, counterfeiting, molestation of children and fraud were more than likely to be committed by the whites. For instance a crime like vehicular manslaughter has almost equal probability of being committed by a white and a black. Embezzlement cases found whites being punished more strictly than that of blacks. On other hand, crimes like auto theft would most likely be black. The jurors usually do not decide on culpability with respect to stereotyping.
In the Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. v. Dukes (2011) case, a group of six women filed a case of discrimination against Wal-Mart on grounds of gender discrimination reflected in low pay scales etc. the lawsuit became an instance of class action where the group of women supporting the case was as large as 1.6 million. The US District court for North California approved that the plaintiffs satisfied the statutory class requirements specified under Rule 23 (a)(2) and 23 (b)(2). All these women were employees of Wal-Mart stores and worked since 1998. However the company mentioned that the class size was too big to manage and therefore would increase the cost unusually. The stereotyping was observed when the U. S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit, upheld the class certification three times. A basic proposition of equal protection and due process of law refers to the colour of people from different cultures. Racial stereotyping can affect the impartiality of the juror. Such discrimination negates the right of the defendant to be tried on basis of the case’s evidence instead of extraneous issues. For instance a case of sexual assault in Minnesota involved defendants and victims of Hmong descent. Now culturally the men of Hmong had the power to forcefully be involved in sexual interaction with the women who are categorized as submissive. However a Hmong woman could not culturally desire to involve in sexual interaction with anyone other than her spouse.
A case was raised in the U.S. Supreme Court where a Colorado horse trainer was arrested when two young girls identified him as a man who sexually attacked them in a dark restroom at a horse barn. However the defense based their reasons on the short time that the girls got to identify their attackers and the way the police brought the attacker for identification, etc. the jurors initially were unable to reach a decision. The defendant was found guilty on the basis of misdemeanor counts but not on grounds of felony. Later on it was identified that one of the jurors H.C. expressed a bias against the defendant and his alibi on grounds of Hispanic ethnicity and the fact that Mexican men believed they could do as they wanted with women. This was true for nine out of ten Mexican men who were found guilty of being aggressive towards women and young girls.
A potential moderator is the motivation of jurors to control superstitious reactions (MCPR). People who have high MCPR would be inclined more towards a black person. So these people are probably conscious about racial stereotypes and prejudices. People with low MCPR refrain from prejudicial responses and therefore express their negative attitudes towards the blacks. Stereotype suppression instructions are found to be effective immediately after stated but might resume later in their judgements.
ACLU, Racial Disparities in Sentencing, (2014), <>
Kluwe, Katharina. The Influence of Racial and Crime Stereotypes on Jurors’ Representations of Trial Evidence and Verdict Decisions, (2015), Dissertation, paper 1476,
Sunnafrank, M. & N.E. Fontes. General and crime related racial stereotypes and influence on juridic decisions. Cornell Journal of Social Relations, (1983)17, 1-15
Totenberg, Nina, Supreme Court Allows Prying into Jury deliberations if racism is perceived, NPR, (2017)
Pillay, Navi. Equality and Justice in the courtroom, Huffington post,(2014)
University Counselling Center. Overcoming Racial Stereotypes (2017) <>
WAL-MART STORES, INC. v. DUKES ET AL. Supreme Court of the U.S. (2011) <>
Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. v. Dukes (2011), <>
Wydra, Elizabeth. Racial Stereotyping Is The ‘Worst Thing’ For Our Criminal Justice System, (2016),<>

Free Membership to World’s Largest Sample Bank

To View this & another 50000+ free samples. Please put
your valid email id.


Yes, alert me for offers and important updates


Download Sample Now

Earn back the money you have spent on the downloaded sample by uploading a unique assignment/study material/research material you have. After we assess the authenticity of the uploaded content, you will get 100% money back in your wallet within 7 days.

UploadUnique Document

DocumentUnder Evaluation

Get Moneyinto Your Wallet

Total 5 pages


*The content must not be available online or in our existing Database to qualify as

Cite This Work
To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:


My Assignment Help. (2021). Law And Psychology. Retrieved from

“Law And Psychology.” My Assignment Help, 2021,

My Assignment Help (2021) Law And Psychology [Online]. Available from:[Accessed 19 December 2021].

My Assignment Help. ‘Law And Psychology’ (My Assignment Help, 2021) accessed 19 December 2021.

My Assignment Help. Law And Psychology [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2021 [cited 19 December 2021]. Available from:

.close{position: absolute;right: 5px;z-index: 999;opacity: 1;color: #ff8b00;}


Thank you for your interest
The respective sample has been mail to your register email id


$20 Credited
successfully in your wallet.
* $5 to be used on order value more than $50. Valid for
only 1

Account created successfully!
We have sent login details on your registered email.


Password: is one of the noted service providers that deliver essay help. We provide tailored essay assistance to make sure that student gets online essay help exactly in the way they want it to be written. We at have built teams of consultants, who readily attend every query related to help me writing my essay. We provide essay writing help in forms of tips and steps in order o assist students with tough essay assignments.

Latest Psychology Samples

div#loaddata .card img {max-width: 100%;

PHIL100 Introduction To Philosophy
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: PHIL100
University: Macalester College is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: United States

Case study
It is a matter of great pride for me that I am the best psychologist and a counselor in my town. To be able to access a psychologist cum counselor who has expertise and experience like me, one needs to travel 30 miles from the town. So, I am very respectable by people in the town. I get invitations to join as the chief guest for almost every humanitarian and social work related events that take place within the town I live….
United States Columbia Humanities Counseling and Sexual Orientation University of Columbia MBA 

PSYC101 Introductory Psychology
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: PSYC101
University: University Of New England is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Australia

Happiness and Mobility
The choice of lifestyle and the environment in which a person dwells play a vital role in determination of one’s mental well being and happiness as well.  How and where we live has a great impact on the same.  However the association of city structure to physical health is finally getting the desired kind of attention.  The outline of the society and the neighbourhood impacts the health of a pe…

PSYC103 Introduction To Psychology
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: PSYC103
University: Northampton Community College is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: United States

The teratogen affects behavior problems among the offspring (Loomans et al., 2012). Prenatal and parental exposure of alcohol is found to generate Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children (Ware et al., 2012). ADHD causes over activity, impulsivity and are unable to sustain attention under the stereotypic school settings (Getahun et al., 2013). It also causes poor self-esteemed, mood swings, dysthymia and…

PSYCH 1001 Psychology
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: PSYCH1001
University: University Of The West Of England is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: United Kingdom

Basically, severe deprivation points to acute, compounded or persistent economic hardship. Predominantly, acute economic hardship is characterized by living below the poverty life meaning there’s low supply of critical resources whereas compounded hardship implies disadvantages be they psychological, materially or socially. Mainly, persistent economic hardship implies a continuous disadvantageous condition. Persisten…

PSY111 Foundations Of Psychology For The Health And Human Services
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: PSY111
University: Charles Sturt University is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Australia

Exercise 1
Task 1
In this case, it is clear that Heather is suffering from Social Phobia, which is a type of Anxiety Disorder.
Task 2
Social Phobia is commonly known as Social Anxiety Disorder. This disorder involves fear of certain situations that includes situations that are unfamiliar to them or any situation where an individual have the fear of being evaluated or watched by the external world. These circumstances may be so f…
Australia Perth Management Mba dessertation University of Western Australia Masters in Business Administration 


Our Essay Writing Service Features

Qualified Writers
Looming deadline? Get your paper done in 6 hours or less. Message via chat and we'll get onto it.
We care about the privacy of our clients and will never share your personal information with any third parties or persons.
Free Turnitin Report
A plagiarism report from Turnitin can be attached to your order to ensure your paper's originality.
Safe Payments
The further the deadline or the more pages you order, the lower the price! Affordability is in our DNA.
No Hidden Charges
We offer the lowest prices per page in the industry, with an average of $7 per page
24/7/365 Support
You can contact us any time of day and night with any questions; we'll always be happy to help you out.
$15.99 Plagiarism report
$15.99 Plagiarism report
$15.99 Plagiarism report
$15.99 Plagiarism report
$3.99 Outline
$21.99 Unlimited Revisions
Get all these features for $65.77 FREE
Do My Paper

Frequently Asked Questions About Our Essay Writing Service

Academic Paper Writing Service

Our essay writers will gladly help you with:

Business Plan
Presentation or Speech
Admission Essay
Case Study
Reflective Writing
Annotated Bibliography
Creative Writing
Term Paper
Article Review
Critical Thinking / Review
Research Paper
Thesis / Dissertation
Book / Movie Review
Book Reviews
Literature Review
Research Proposal
Editing and proofreading
Find Your Writer

Latest Feedback From Our Customers

Customer ID:  # 678224
Research Paper
Highly knowledgeable expert, reasonable price. Great at explaining hard concerts!
Writer: Raymond B.
Customer ID: # 619634
Essay (any type)
Helped me with bear and bull markets right before my exam! Fast teacher. Would work with Grace again.
Writer: Lilian G.
Customer ID: # 519731
Research Paper
If you are scanning reviews trying to find a great tutoring service, then scan no more. This service elite!
Writer: Grace P.
Customer ID: #499222
Essay (any type)
This writer is great, finished very fast and the essay was perfect. Writer goes out of her way to meet your assignment needs!
Writer: Amanda B.
Place an Order

Calculate the price of your order

You will get a personal manager and a discount.
We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:

Powered by

× WhatsApp Us