Deontological Ethical Approaches Considers

Deontological Ethical Approaches Considers

Free Samples

Deontological Ethical Approaches Considers

.cms-body-content table{width:100%!important;} #subhidecontent{ position: relative;
overflow-x: auto;
width: 100%;}

Deontological Ethical Approaches Considers

0 Download9 Pages / 2,114 Words


Discuss About The Deontological Ethical Approaches Considers?


Negligence can be understood as failure of person to take reasonable care for the purpose of avoiding any action which can result in injury or loss to any other person. For establishing the case under negligence, following elements must be present in the case:

Plaintiff must provide evidence that defendant owns duty to take care towards the plaintiff.
Defendant fails to take reasonable care of the plaintiff. In other words, action of the defendant fails to match the standard of care which would be complying by any reasonable person in the similar situations.
Loss or injury is suffered by the plaintiff.
Injury or loss caused because of the breach of duty by the defendant (ALRC, 2018).

Common law determines the duty of care in number of limited relationships such as relationship of innkeeper and guests, carrier and passenger, doctor and patient, occupier of land and visitor. For duty of care to be exists, there must be some relationship between the plaintiff and the defendant. It is necessary to establish that plaintiff and defendant share relationship for the purpose of filing claim under negligence (Lawvision,n.d.; Liability Act, 2008). Duty of care can be understood through case law Donoghue v Stevenson 1932 AC 562. In this case, two ladies that was Mrs. Donoghue (plaintiff) and her friend went in café. Friend of Mrs. Donoghue purchased bottle of ginger-beer for Mrs. Donoghue. Bottle of ginger-beer was sealed and it was not possible to inspect the content of the bottle. Plaintiff drank a glass of the ginger-beer and when she poured second glass of the beer a decomposed snail fell from the bottle of the ginger beer. Because of the snail in the bottle, Mrs. Donoghue suffered from gastroenteritis and nervous shock. In this, plaintiff file suit against the manufacturer of the ginger beer bottle under negligence. In this case, relationship exists, as manufacturer of the beer sold bottle to the shopkeeper, that means contract exists between the parties and remedies under law were available for breach of contractual terms.  Shopkeeper sold the bottle of beer to the friend of plaintiff that means contract exists between the parties. Later, friend made gift of the beer bottle to plaintiff. In this contract does not exist between the parties that mean no remedies are available under law of contract. House of Lords, London decide this case and main issue decided by Court was whether plaintiff can took action against the manufacturer of beer?
In this case, House of Lords decided that the manufacturer of the products owns the duty of care towards the ultimate consumers of the product while manufacturing such product, and this is because product manufactured by the manufacturer for the ultimate consumption of the consumers. General principle was stated by the lord Atkin in this case, and in this principle he considered liability in context of tort of negligence. In this case, Judge made the law that the person was obligated to love their neighbor and must not injure their neighbor. An individual was under obligation to take reasonable care for avoiding any act or omissions which can be reasonable foresee that cause injury to the neighbor. In this context, Court also defines the term neighbor in restricted sense. Neighbor was the people who were closely or directly affected by the act of person.
Breach of duty of care- it is also known as standard of care and it arises only in such situation under which plaintiff owns duty of care towards the defendant. For the purpose of determining the breach, following elements must be taken into account by the Court:

Foreseeability of risk- as per this, if degree of the risk is higher than defendant must make greater efforts to avoid such risk.
Reasonableness of the actions of the defendant- this scenario includes various elements such as costa and burden imposed because of the removal of risk, and the social and public usage of the action of the defendant (Legal Services Commission, n.d.).

Court also consider the small risk of harm reasonable foreseeable by the defendant. This can be understood through case law Chapman v Hearse (1961) 106 CLR 112. In this case, Chapman (defendant) hit the other vehicle from behind because of his negligence, and because of this door of Chapman’s vehicle opened and fell on the road. After some time, Dr. Cherry passed through the similar way and stopped for assisting the Chapman. At that time, conditions in context of whether were very poor and there was no visibility. While providing medical help to Chapman, dr. cherry was hit and killed by the vehicle driven by Hearse. In this case, court stated that Chapman was negligent for controlling and managing the vehicle, and in this Chapman was also held liable because of his negligence this accident was occurred. In other words, because of his negligent driving this situation was occurred.
Appeal was made by Chapman to the high Court on the ground that he does not own any duty of care towards Dr. Chapman because the events occurred were not reasonable foreseeable. For this purpose, High Court stated, important element to be considered was whether it was possible for reasonable man to foresee, as the result of such a collision, presence occurred on the road, of those persons who were fulfilling their social and moral duty by providing help to injured person. Dr. Cherry also had moral responsibility to stop his car and help the Chapman. Therefore, it was not important to consider the probability of particular accident and particular damage. It is enough, that accident fall under the class which only determines the reasonable and probable consequences of the wrong actions. Negligence committed by Chapman becomes the reason of death of Dr. Cherry and fall under the category of reasonable foreseeability. Appeal made by Chapman was dismissed by the Court. Many times Court only consider the risk, and if such risk was foreseeable, as considered so small as it does not result in breach of duty of care.
Contributory negligence- contributory negligence resulted when person who suffer loss or injury themselves contributed in the reason because of which such loss or injury occurred. In case plaintiff does not take reasonable care for their own safety then there is the case of contributory negligence. In case of contributory negligence, amount of damages claimed by plaintiff is reduced as per the contribution made by plaintiff in the negligence (Liability Act, 2008).
Wonderful Whale Watching business is operated by Alice in Mooloolaba, and for this purpose Alice used 10-metre long boat. Model of the boat is old, and because of this Alice made some renovation to the floor of the boat. High quality marine carpet is purchased by Alice, but because of the high cost of carpet she only install carpet on 50% floor of the boat and painted the other half in similar color. Alice advised the customers to wear closed-in footwear, and because of this she does not thing that matting creates any trouble.
Later, Xi and Marcos purchased two tickets of whale watching show, and while reading the confirmation E-mail of booking, Xi notice the requirement of wearing closed-in footwear. Shoes are wearing by Xi, but Marcos is wearing sandals and she ignored this clause.
When boat is located 30-minutes from the Mooloolaba Harbor at that time Marcos is injured by fell on the floor. Instead of returning the boat to the port, Alice decided to continue the search for whales and because of this life guards retrieved Marcos and Xi after 50 minutes from the Marcos fell.
Because of the fell, Marcos suffered diagnosed with a severe concussion and a shattered hip, and they are not able to attend the music event which causes them loss of $1,500 in performance fees and merchandise sales.
In this case, all the necessary elements of negligence are satisfied:
Alice owns duty to take care towards the Marcos because there is close relation exists between the two and Marcos can be considered as neighbor of Alice. Therefore, Alice owns duty of care towards the Marcos.
Alice fails to take reasonable care of the plaintiff. In other words, action of the Alice fails to match the standard of care which would be complying by any reasonable person in the similar situations. Alice does not cover the complete floor with the high quality mat and this cause breach of duty of care. Other two necessary elements of breach of duty are also present in this case:

Risk related to floor is foreseeable in nature.
Action taken by the Alice is not reasonable in nature.

Loss or injury is suffered by the Marcos. Marcos suffered severe injury and financial loss also.
Injury or loss caused because of the breach of duty by the Alice. In this injury suffered to Marcos is caused because of the wrong flooring done by the Alice.
However, it must be noted that amount of the damages reduced in this case because of the contributory negligence. Contributory negligence resulted when person who suffer loss or injury themselves contributed in the reason because of which such loss or injury occurred. In this case, Marcos is also contributory negligent because she fails to complied with the instructions provided by Alice for wearing closed in footwear’s. In case of contributory negligence, amount of damages claimed by plaintiff is reduced as per the contribution made by plaintiff in the negligence. Therefore, Marcos can claim damages under tort of negligence from Alice but amount of damages is reduced up to extent.
In the present case, Marcos can take action against Alice for negligence.

In this Alice choose the approach of Ethical problem solving and in this context Alice only consider fie questions while taking this action:

Benefits and harms caused because of the action of the Alice, and possible alternatives for the action. Alice consider the benefits and harm of the flooring in this case
Moral rights hold by the affected parties, and which course of action best describes these rights. He consider the moral rights of the parties while offering the free trip of whale watching.
Which action treat every person same.
Action of person which encourage the common good.
Which course of action help in developing the moral virtues (Santa Clara University, n.d.)?

Various factors and tensions are balanced by the Alice in this Scenario, and these factors and tensions are stated below:

Alice does not have enough amounts to cover the full floor of the boat with the High quality carpet.
Alice consider the safety of passengers to and make the requirement to wear closed in footwear’s while visiting the boat, because these footwear’s ultimately reduced the risk of falling.
Alice offer free trip to passengers for saving the reputation of her business, and because of this Xi and Marcos stand at back side of the board which increase the risk of falling.
Alice fails to provide reasonable aid to Marcos and decided to search the whales for more 15 minutes, because of which Marcos get the aid after 50 minutes of falling.

C) Reasonable ethical approach which must be used by the Alice while taking the decisions in this case:

The deontological class under ethical approaches considers the duties and obligations of the people, and as per this approach people must complied with their obligations and duties while taking any action (DSOF, n.d.). in other words, person must complied with his or her obligations he owns towards the individual or society because follow the duty and obligation is considered as ethical action.
In the present case, Alice must follow his or her obligations he owned towards his customers that are safety of the consumers and he must make some other arrangements to for ensuring the comfort of the consumers. She also own duty to provide medical help to the Marcos as soon as possible but she failed to comply with this duty too.
ALRC, (2018). Authorising what would otherwise be a Tort. Retrieved on 2nd February 2018 from:
Chapman v Hearse (1961) 106 CLR 112.
Donoghue v Stevenson 1932 AC 562.
DSOF. Ethical theories. Retrieved on 2nd February 2018 from:
Law Vision. The law of torts. Retrieved on 2nd February 2018 from:
Legal services commission. Negligence. Retrieved on 2nd February 2018 from:
Liability Act 2008- Section 22.
Liability Act 2008- Section 23.
Liability Act 2008- Section 8.
Santa Clara University. Thinking ethically. Retrieved on 2nd February 2018 from:

Free Membership to World’s Largest Sample Bank

To View this & another 50000+ free samples. Please put
your valid email id.


Yes, alert me for offers and important updates


Download Sample Now

Earn back the money you have spent on the downloaded sample by uploading a unique assignment/study material/research material you have. After we assess the authenticity of the uploaded content, you will get 100% money back in your wallet within 7 days.

UploadUnique Document

DocumentUnder Evaluation

Get Moneyinto Your Wallet

Total 9 pages


*The content must not be available online or in our existing Database to qualify as

Cite This Work
To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:


My Assignment Help. (2019). Deontological Ethical Approaches Considers. Retrieved from

“Deontological Ethical Approaches Considers.” My Assignment Help, 2019,

My Assignment Help (2019) Deontological Ethical Approaches Considers [Online]. Available from:[Accessed 19 December 2021].

My Assignment Help. ‘Deontological Ethical Approaches Considers’ (My Assignment Help, 2019) accessed 19 December 2021.

My Assignment Help. Deontological Ethical Approaches Considers [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2019 [cited 19 December 2021]. Available from:

.close{position: absolute;right: 5px;z-index: 999;opacity: 1;color: #ff8b00;}


Thank you for your interest
The respective sample has been mail to your register email id


$20 Credited
successfully in your wallet.
* $5 to be used on order value more than $50. Valid for
only 1

Account created successfully!
We have sent login details on your registered email.


Password: has appointed best assignment experts who are wizards of words. Our writers know every trick of crafting high quality write-ups within a short period. With years of experiences, we have become one of the most prolific assignment help services in the USA. We deliver custom-made help to students with writing different types of assignments. We guarantee total need-based and timely service, and this is why increasing numbers of students prefer to buy assignment online.

Latest Business Law Samples

div#loaddata .card img {max-width: 100%;

BU1112 Business Law
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: BU1112
University: James Cook University is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Australia

Part A
Whether Stella is considered as an employee of PRX?
The main difference between employee and independent contractor is stated below:
Employee entered into contract of service, but contractor entered into contract for services.
Employer exercise control over the employee but no control was exercised by employer on contractor. It is considered as traditional test which was developed in Zuijs v Wirth Bros(Zuijs…
Australia South Lake Management health finance management  University of New South Wales 

BSBWHS605 Develop Implement And Maintain WHS Management Systems
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: BSBWHS605
University: Swinburne University Of Technology is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Australia

Work Health and Safety Management System (WHSMS) is a collection of plans, tools, activities and processes. List 3 of these plans, tools, activities or processes and explain what they are,
The means, nitty gritty beneath, can be utilized whether the arranging procedure is straightforward or complex. They are:
Evaluating the current word related to wellbeing and security status including the ‘administration framework’ Lussier, R. N…
Australia Brisbane Management Work Health and Safety Management System (WHSMS University of Brisbane MBA 

BUSN331 Business Law
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: BUSN331
University: Centennial College is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Canada

In Alberta, the Residential Tenancies Act applies to all the people in this jurisdiction, who rent their space out (Alberta Queen’s Printer, 2016). Through this act, the rights and responsibilities of the landlords and tenants are brought forward (Landlord and Tenant, 2015).
Question 1
Before a tenant can move in the rented accommodation, the tenant and the landlord have to reach an agreement, with regards to the…
Australia Edmonton Humanities Management University of New South Wales Masters in Business Administration 

LA1040 Contract Law
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: LA1040
University: University Of London is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: United Kingdom

A contract is an agreement between the parties which is enforceable legally in the courts. There are several provisions of law which governs how the terms related to the contract would operate. A contract consists of a set of provisions which are known as contractual terms. The weightage of such terms are not equal as one term may have a more significant consequence as compared to the other in relation to their brea…
United Kingdom London Economics Management University of London 

TLAW202 Corporations Law
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: TLAW202
University: Top Education Institute is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Australia

If any person wants to carry out his business in the form of a company, then, it is necessary that the registration or incorporation requirements of such country must be met. In Australia, the Corporation Act 2001 and the guidelines laid down by ASIC provides with the steps that must be accomplish in order to establish a corporate entity.  (Malbon & Bishop, 2006).
A company is of great significance as it is treated as a …


Our Essay Writing Service Features

Qualified Writers
Looming deadline? Get your paper done in 6 hours or less. Message via chat and we'll get onto it.
We care about the privacy of our clients and will never share your personal information with any third parties or persons.
Free Turnitin Report
A plagiarism report from Turnitin can be attached to your order to ensure your paper's originality.
Safe Payments
The further the deadline or the more pages you order, the lower the price! Affordability is in our DNA.
No Hidden Charges
We offer the lowest prices per page in the industry, with an average of $7 per page
24/7/365 Support
You can contact us any time of day and night with any questions; we'll always be happy to help you out.
$15.99 Plagiarism report
$15.99 Plagiarism report
$15.99 Plagiarism report
$15.99 Plagiarism report
$3.99 Outline
$21.99 Unlimited Revisions
Get all these features for $65.77 FREE
Do My Paper

Frequently Asked Questions About Our Essay Writing Service

Academic Paper Writing Service

Our essay writers will gladly help you with:

Business Plan
Presentation or Speech
Admission Essay
Case Study
Reflective Writing
Annotated Bibliography
Creative Writing
Term Paper
Article Review
Critical Thinking / Review
Research Paper
Thesis / Dissertation
Book / Movie Review
Book Reviews
Literature Review
Research Proposal
Editing and proofreading
Find Your Writer

Latest Feedback From Our Customers

Customer ID:  # 678224
Research Paper
Highly knowledgeable expert, reasonable price. Great at explaining hard concerts!
Writer: Raymond B.
Customer ID: # 619634
Essay (any type)
Helped me with bear and bull markets right before my exam! Fast teacher. Would work with Grace again.
Writer: Lilian G.
Customer ID: # 519731
Research Paper
If you are scanning reviews trying to find a great tutoring service, then scan no more. This service elite!
Writer: Grace P.
Customer ID: #499222
Essay (any type)
This writer is great, finished very fast and the essay was perfect. Writer goes out of her way to meet your assignment needs!
Writer: Amanda B.
Place an Order

Calculate the price of your order

You will get a personal manager and a discount.
We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:

Powered by

× WhatsApp Us